You love drinking loose-leaf tea. Loose-leaf teas have the fullest flavors, richest aromas, and most antioxidants of any kind of tea. You’d love to make yourself a cup… but you don’t know what you’re doing.
Right this way! In this how-to guide, I’ll outline all the equipment you need, provide a step-to-step guide, and point you to some places to get all of your tea fixings!
I used to be daunted by the idea of making tea without a teabag, but I soon found it’s not hard to get the hang of. There is actually more than one method of brewing tea; the steps outlined below are the traditional Western method, which is the most common method in the United States and the easiest to find equipment for.
You will need:
- Loose-leaf tea
- Bottled or filtered water recommended. Good water provides a clean base for the tea; too many chemicals impact the taste.
- If you use tap water, run it cold for about 10 seconds before pouring. This aerates the water, which brings out the flavor.
- A way to heat the water
- Kettle recommended – traditional stovetop or electronic
- Microwaves are a last resort. They reduce the oxygen content in the water, flattening the taste.
- Tea infuser
- Mesh ball
- Ceramic recommended, especially for starters
- They also exist in glass, cast iron, and clay
- Water thermometer
- Timer (optional but recommended)
1. Heat some water, pour it into your teapot, and swish it around to warm the pot. This prevents the water temperature from dropping as you brew the tea.
2. Pour out the teapot-heating water. Don’t use it for the tea; reheating water reduces its oxygen content, making it taste flat.
3. Measure out your tea into your infuser according to the instructions with the tea. On average, 1 teaspoon per 6 -8 oz. (1 cup.)
4. Heat your tea water according to the instructions with the tea. Use a water thermometer to monitor temperature.
5. Place the infuser in your teapot, then pour the heated tea water over it so that the water absorbs the flavor from the leaves.
6. Steep the tea for the recommended time. If in doubt, go shorter. This is where timers are helpful, especially if you’re like me and tend to wander off.
7. Pour tea into cup and enjoy!
Experiment! Loose-leaf tea is all about the variables. Did you cup come out a little bitter? Try cooler water or a shorter steep next time. Not enough flavor? Try more leaves or a different way of heating the water.
Also, the steps I outlined will get you an optimal cup of tea, but you’re not “doing it wrong” if you don’t follow them to the letter. I have been known, especially at work, to drop a tea strainer into a mug filled with microwaved tap water with no thermometer in sight – and I still enjoy the tea.
If there’s one rule to making tea, it’s cherish the experience. Be patient with yourself! Tea takes time both to make and to master. It’s okay to make mistakes. I certainly did when I got started, and I still do. They’re as much a part of the experience as that absolutely smashing cup of tea you get just right!
Best of luck brewing!
Additional resources: Tea making
Wikihow guide with pictures
Yorkshire Tea‘s guide
An article from The Slate explaining some of the science behind how heating the water affects its flavor
Additional resources: Teaware
Most tea retailers will also sell the necessary equipment. Here are some places to start: